This March 22, 2013 file photo shows the exterior of the Internal Revenue Service building in Washington. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh, File)

DON’T FORGET ESTIMATED TAXES

April 18 is more than just the deadline for small-business owners to file their tax returns or get extensions and pay their 2016 tax bills. It’s also the day they must make their first estimated tax payments for 2017.

Estimated payments are made quarterly, in April, June, September, and in January of the following year. They’re required whether a company is a corporation or owned by a sole proprietor or partners. The government doesn’t want to wait for its money. It can penalize taxpayers who don’t pay their estimated taxes on time.

But it also makes good sense for business owners to pay taxes as they go along through the year. Savvy owners will sock away money each week, or each month, to be sure they have enough money to pay their taxes quarterly. Those who don’t can find themselves scrambling during filing season and paying extra.

The IRS has formulas for computing estimated payments. Sole proprietors and partners must use IRS Form 1040-ES, Estimated Tax for Individuals, and corporations must use Form 1120-W, Estimated Tax for Corporations, to do the computations and file with the government. If you use tax preparation software, the program will do the math for you.

The smartest way to avoid a penalty is to estimate each quarter what your tax liability will be for the year. Penalties themselves require separate forms to be filed with your tax return — Form 2210, Underpayment of Estimated Tax by Individuals, Estates and Trusts, or Form 2220, Underpayment of Estimated Tax by Corporations.

You can get more information about estimated payments on the IRS website, http://bit.ly/25yubTd

LEARNING ABOUT ANGELS

Angel investors, people who invest in very young or small companies, have helped many businesses either get off the ground or expand. SCORE, the organization that gives free counseling to small businesses, will sponsor an online seminar about angel investing, how it works and how companies can prepare to meet with and pitch to an angel investor. It will be held Thursday, April 20, at 1 p.m. Eastern time. You can learn more and register at http://bit.ly/2ojFD4n

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Follow Joyce Rosenberg at www.twitter.com/JoyceMRosenberg . Her work can be found here: http://bigstory.ap.org/content/joyce-m-rosenberg

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