In this Thursday, March 9, 2017, file photo, Michigan State guard Cassius Winston listens to head coach Tom Izzo during the second half of an NCAA college basketball game against Penn State in the Big Ten tournament in Washington. Izzo has led Michigan State to the NCAA Tournament as usual, extending his streak to 20 years. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon, File)

The graduation rate of African-American men’s basketball players from teams participating in the NCAA Tournament is 74 percent compared with 93 percent for White players.

That’s according to a study released Tuesday by The Institute for Diversity and Ethics in Sport at the University of Central Florida.

The rate in 2016 was 75 percent. It’s the first decrease since 2011, according to the study’s author Dr. Richard Lapchick.

The graduation rate for White male basketball players remained the same as last year.

White female basketball players on tournament teams graduated at a rate of 96 percent compared with 87 percent for Black female players.

“While it’s a slight decrease, it’s concerning because it reverses a positive trend,” Lapchick said of the 74-percent rate. “Graduation rates had been increasing for a number of years up until this point.”

However, NCAA spokesperson Stacey Osburn pointed out the most recent single-year graduation rate in 2015-16 for Black men’s basketball players overall was at 77 percent — an all-time high. She said over the 15-year period the NCAA has been collecting data, the graduation rate for Black men in basketball has increased from 46 to 77 percent, which indicates major progress. For White men over the same span, it increased from 76 to 94 percent.

Overall, the study indicated women’s teams in the tournament are graduating at a rate of 90 percent, compared with 76 percent for the men.

“Some schools are taking risks on admitting students who are not at a level of traditional students being accepted into the campus,” Lapchick said of some men’s team. “Unless the university provides programs to bring the student up to that academic standard of the normal admitted student, then you are almost guaranteeing their failure.”

The one-and-done factor on the men’s side doesn’t apply to the study, Lapchick said. Those students are not included in the findings if the athlete leaves in good academic standing.

“In most of those situations, schools are pretty careful to make sure that student stays eligible,” he said.

Lapchick suggested the NCAA needs to raise its academic progress rate to 60 percent rather than the current 50. He said 78 percent of the men’s teams and 97 percent of the women’s teams currently meet those standards, but more schools need to strive to reach that level.

“I think raising that would be incentive for schools that are still hovering around the 50-percent rate standard,” Lapchick. “When there is a threat of the loss of scholarships or postseason play, that is a big incentive for coaches to increase the graduation rates that are contributing to the gap.”

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