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In this photo made from a Sept. 16, 2016 police video, Terence Crutcher, left, with his arms up is pursued by police officers as he walks next to his stalled SUV moments before he was shot and killed by one of the officers in Tulsa, Okla. When it comes to charging an officer, legal experts say, the most important determination isn't whether the officer was actually in danger in hindsight. It's whether the officer reasonably believed in his or her own mind that they or fellow officers were in danger at the split second they choose to shoot. There's no clear, standard formula investigators can rely on to answer the question of whether an officer's belief that he or she's in peril is reasonable, a former federal prosecutor in Chicago said. (Tulsa Police Department via AP)

In this photo made from a Sept. 16, 2016 police video, Terence Crutcher, left, with his arms up is pursued by police officers as he walks next to his stalled SUV moments before he was shot and killed by one of the officers in Tulsa, Okla. (Tulsa Police Department via AP)

Police in Tulsa, Oklahoma, released dashcam and aerial footage, 911 calls and police radio traffic with unusual swiftness following last Friday’s shooting death of an unarmed black man by a white officer.

But what actually transpired on the Tulsa street between Terence Crutcher and officer Betty Shelby remains murky.


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Crutcher’s fatal shooting can be seen on two different videos provided by authorities — one from a police helicopter and the other from officer Tyler Turnbough’s dashboard camera. They both show the 40-year-old Crutcher walking with his hands in the air toward his SUV, which is stopped in the middle of the street and straddling the center line. A female officer is following him.

As Crutcher approaches the driver’s side of the SUV, more officers walk up and Crutcher appears to lower his hands and place them on the vehicle. A man inside a police helicopter overhead says: “That looks like a bad dude, too. Probably on something.”

The officers surround Crutcher and he suddenly drops to the ground. Someone on the police radio says, “I think he may have just been tasered.” Almost immediately, a woman’s voice yells on the police radio: “Shots fired!” Crutcher is left lying in the street.

The officers slowly back away. Crutcher, his white shirt stained with blood, lies on the ground alone and unattended for nearly two minutes before an officer puts on medical gloves and begins to examine him.

Emergency medical responders arrive about four minutes after he is shot.

This undated photo provided by the Parks & Crump, LLC shows Terence Crutcher, right, with his twin sister Tiffany. Crutcher, an unarmed black man was killed by a white Oklahoma officer Friday, Sept. 16, 2016, who was responding to a stalled vehicle. (Courtesy of Crutcher Family/Parks & Crump, LLC via AP)

This undated photo provided by the Parks & Crump, LLC shows Terence Crutcher, right, with his twin sister Tiffany. (Courtesy of Crutcher Family/Parks & Crump, LLC via AP)


The videos don’t show what happened when Shelby first encountered Crutcher and the roughly two minutes before other officers arrived.

No dashcam footage exists from Shelby’s car because she didn’t activate her emergency lights — which in turn switches on the camera — when she came upon the abandoned vehicle in the roadway. No body camera footage exists, because Tulsa police have not implemented the devices for officers, despite receiving a federal grant to do so last year.

Also absent is audio that could have captured exchanges between Crutcher and Shelby. A 911 caller reported an abandoned SUV, left running in the middle of the road with the driver’s side door open.

Shelby, en route to a domestic violence call, encounters the abandoned vehicle and eventually radios into dispatch, “Hold traffic. I got a subject who won’t show me his hands.” No video of audio further captures what went on between Shelby and Crutcher prior to other officers showing up — a time frame sure to be scrutinized by investigators examining the officer’s claims that Crutcher displayed concerning behavior not seen on the videos.

There’s no close-up, unobscured view of Crutcher before Shelby fired the fatal shot.



A Tulsa police spokeswoman initially told reporters that Crutcher refused requests to put his hands in the air. After the footage was released Monday suggesting otherwise, spokeswoman Jeanne MacKenzie said she was relying on reports from officers at the time.

Tulsa Police Chief Chuck Jordan said Monday that Crutcher did not have a gun on him or in his SUV. He promised a thorough investigation.

Police have held back many details in the case, citing the investigation, but Sgt. Dave Walker confirmed Tuesday that investigators found the drug PCP in Crutcher’s vehicle. Also Tuesday, Sgt. Shane Tuell confirmed Shelby had a stun gun at the time but did not use it.



Shelby’s attorney, Scott Wood, has told the Tulsa World the situation unfolded for nearly two minutes before the police footage started. He said Crutcher repeatedly ignored Shelby’s commands and didn’t respond to her questions. He said Crutcher reached toward his pockets or into them several times against Shelby’s orders not to do so.

Wood said Shelby has completed drug-recognition expert training and thought Crutcher was acting like he might be under the influence of PCP.

Shelby was concerned about Crutcher reaching toward his pockets because a person with a weapon often touches it to make sure it’s still there, Wood said.

He said she drew her handgun after Crutcher walked toward the police car’s passenger side and started to put his hand in his left pocket. He said she radioed dispatch to report that she was with someone who wasn’t complying with her demands.

Wood said Shelby cleared — or checked — the SUV from the driver’s side and was about to clear the passenger side when Crutcher approached from the east. Another officer arrived and drew his stun gun, the lawyer said, adding that the stun gun and handgun were fired simultaneously because both officers perceived the same threat.

He said Crutcher’s head was tilted but his eyes were on Shelby. Wood said Shelby recalled Crutcher mumbling incoherently when she asked him if the SUV belonged to him.

Shelby opened fire when Crutcher’s “left hand goes through” the SUV window, Wood said.



The family and their attorneys say the video clearly shows Crutcher wasn’t threatening the officers. The attorneys also provided an enlarged photo from the police footage that appears to show the SUV’s window rolled up, which would contradict Shelby’s claim that Crutcher was reaching inside his vehicle.

Whether Crutcher possessed or used drugs is also irrelevant, the lawyers said.

“If a case like this with clear video can’t be appropriately dealt with justly, then what case can be?” one of them, Damario Solomon-Simmons, has said. “Once people lose hope in our justice system, everything else falls down, and we cannot afford that in Tulsa, Oklahoma, and we cannot afford that in the United States of America.”

Crutcher was a church-going man and a father of four who was gunned down for being “a big bad dude,” his twin sister, Tiffany Crutcher, has said, referring to the “bad dude” comment from the police helicopter footage.


Bleed reported from Little Rock, Arkansas. Associated Press writer Justin Juozapavicius contributed to this report from Tulsa, Oklahoma.

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