Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. said, “…we have come to our nation’s capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir.” He went on to say, “I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed.”
It is said we should carefully choose the words we use, because we may have to eat them one day. That is the case with words written by this nation’s founders. The only problem is, even though several have brought attention to those words, little or nothing has been done to change or enforce their intent when it comes to Black people. The words to which I refer are found in the documents written by a cadre of men held in highest esteem who supposedly had the best intentions for “all” other men in this country.
David Walker’s Appeal, in 1829, turned the words of the Declaration of Independence back on those who celebrated the victory of throwing off the tyranny of King George. In reference to the Declaration, Walker stated, “Do you understand your own language? Compare your own language … extracted from your Declaration of Independence, with your cruelties and murders inflicted by your cruel and unmerciful fathers and yourselves on our fathers and on us – men who have never given your fathers or you the least provocation!”
Walker continued, particularly referring to the abuses of the King and the right and obligation of the colonies to throw off such government. “Hear your language further … I ask you candidly, [were] your sufferings under Great Britain one hundredth part as cruel and tyrannical as you have rendered ours under you?”
Later, Frederick Douglass cited the words of the Declaration and Constitution in his famous speech in 1852, “What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?”
Douglass said the Fourth of July was a day of celebration for White Americans but a day of mourning for slaves and former slaves like him, because they were reminded of the unfulfilled promise of equal liberty for all in the Declaration of Independence. “This Fourth [of] July is yours, not mine. You may rejoice, I must mourn. To drag a man in fetters into the grand illuminated temple of liberty, and call upon him to join you in joyous anthems, were inhuman mockery and sacrilegious irony.”
The words written and spoken by the founders of these United States were important, and I trust sincere, but sometimes in order to have accountability for the words people say, especially politicians’ words, they must be recanted and rewritten by those to whom those words apply. That is why the One Million Conscious Black Voters and Contributors will insist on oral and written support of its political planks by any political candidate seeking our votes.
When put together just right way, words can have serious consequential effects on people. When Thomas Jefferson used words that attacked slavery in his draft of the Declaration of Independence, he initiated the most intense debate among the delegates gathered at Philadelphia in the spring and early summer of 1776. Jefferson’s passage on slavery was the most important section removed from the final document. It was replaced with a more ambiguous passage about King George’s incitement of “domestic insurrections among us.” Part of Jefferson’s original passage on slavery read:
“He has waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating its most sacred rights of life and liberty in the persons of a distant people who never offended him, captivating and carrying them into slavery in another hemisphere or to incur miserable death in their transportation thither. This piratical warfare, the opprobrium of infidel powers, is the warfare of the Christian King of Great Britain. Determined to keep open a market where Men should be bought and sold, he has prostituted his negative for suppressing every legislative attempt to prohibit or restrain this execrable commerce…”
Had those words not been stricken from the Declaration just imagine the effect they would have had – then and now. So what lessons can Black people take from “Black Constitutional Patriots” such as Walker, Douglass, MLK, and others who recited the very words that are “the bond of the Union”? Black leaders of old made the Founders eat their sacrosanct words, and it is shameful that we have not continued to keep today’s politicians on a steady diet of those same words.
David Walker believed the nation belonged to all who helped build it. He went even further, stating, “America is more our country than it is the whites — we have enriched it with our blood and tears. Are we MEN!!–I ask you, O my brethren! Are we MEN?”
Jim Clingman, founder of the Greater Cincinnati African American Chamber of Commerce, is the nation’s most prolific writer on economic empowerment for Black people. He can be reached through his website, blackonomics.com. He is the author of Black Dollars Matter: Teach Your Dollars How to Make More Sense, which is available through his website; professionalpublishinghouse.com and Amazon Kindle eBook
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