The 22-point loss to rival Bernie Sanders in this week’s primary heightened concerns among Democrats that Clinton’s message is failing to win over both women and young voters — two key parts of the coalition that twice elected Barack Obama to the White House.
The New Hampshire defeat, along with Clinton’s razor-thin win in the leadoff Iowa caucuses, raised the stakes for Clinton to rally minority voters — another pillar of the Obama coalition — in the contests coming up in Nevada and South Carolina.
Focus-group surveys conducted by Clinton’s campaign with undecided Black voters in Charleston before the New Hampshire voting found that the former secretary of state has retained a high degree of trust with African-Americans, even as her numbers on trust and honesty have declined overall, according to Clinton aides.
While the voters were open to Sanders and liked his economic message, their views shifted after hearing about his plans to replace the Affordable Care Act with a single-payer health care systems and his past opposition to gun control measures, according to Clinton aides.
“He only started talking about the issues concerning African-Americans in the past 40 days,” said South Carolina state legislative leader Todd Rutherford, who formally endorsed Clinton on Wednesday. “Secretary Clinton has been talking about these issues for the last 40 years.”
While Clinton still holds a big lead among party insiders known as superdelegates, who can support the candidate of their choice, the first two contests made clear that Sanders has undermined her once dominant position as the favorite for her party’s nomination.
Her aides believe the next two contests and the primaries that follow in March, where minority voters make up a larger slice of the electorate than in overwhelmingly white Iowa and New Hampshire, could essentially decide the race by setting a tone for a campaign that’s likely to evolve into a state-by-state slog for the 2,382 delegates needed to win the nomination.
In the two days since her New Hampshire loss, Clinton has launched a full-scale press for Black voters, unveiling a series of endorsements from top African-American leaders, including the backing of the Congressional Black Caucus’ political action committee on Thursday.
Members of the group’s board, including Georgia Rep. John Lewis, a civil rights icon, said they would travel to South Carolina to campaign for her.
Her team will also be rolling out the support of 119 Black legislators in the March voting states and is pressuring South Carolina Rep. Jim Clyburn, who’s pledged to remain neutral in his state’s contest, to back her candidacy before the Feb. 27 primary.
Later this week, she’ll be endorsed by a group of faith leaders in Flint, Michigan, adding to the 28 ministers and 50 Black mayors who’ve already expressed their support for her candidacy.
Meanwhile, Clinton supporters are targeting Sanders’ record on issues like racial equality and criminal justice, even playing down his early support for the civil rights movement as a college student who joined the 1963 March on Washington.
“Thousands of people walked on Washington. What are the real policy issues or legislation that he has presented?” said Dr. Hazel Dukes, president of the NAACP’s New York State Conference. “She’s been there when it matters most.”
On Friday, Clinton will head to rural Bamburg County, South Carolina, a poor, majority-Black area of the state to hold a town hall on racial and economic disparities. She’s holding a Monday campaign event in Riviera Beach, Florida, a majority African-American city, before meeting with civil rights leaders on Tuesday and holding a campaign event with the mother of Sandra Bland, the Chicago-area woman whose death in a Texas jail cell has become a rallying cry for criminal justice reform.
Former President Bill Clinton is being dispatched to Memphis, Atlanta and Florence, South Carolina, in the coming days, and the Clintons’ daughter, Chelsea, is heading to majority-black Flint, where the crisis over water has become a symbol of racial and economic inequality.
Sanders’ campaign plans to promote his personal story, arguing that his early work as a college civil rights activist and his message of economic equality will help diversify his support. On Wednesday, he held a heavily publicized breakfast with civil rights activist Al Sharpton in Harlem, and Ta-Nehisi Coates, an influential writer on racial issues, said he would vote for Sanders.
But his team also acknowledges that his constituency may be far stronger in states with less diverse Democratic electorates, like Oklahoma, Minnesota, and Massachusetts — all states where they launched new ads on Wednesday.
“Bernie Sanders has an incredibly powerful story to tell,” said adviser Tad Devine. “His fight for equality and civil rights, his fight against inequality and economic injustice is very, very powerful. It’s going to resonate with the African-American community.”
Lerer reported from Washington.