SHIRLEY CHISHOLM

SHIRLEY CHISHOLM

For the week of Nov. 4-10

November 4

1922—The entrance to King Tutankhamen’s tomb is discovered in Egypt. Controversy reigns to this day as to King Tut’s color. Many Black authorities claim White historians and museums continue a historic practice of using representations of Tut that lighten his skin and downplay his African features.

P.B.S. PINCHBACK

P.B.S. PINCHBACK

1872—P.B.S. Pinchback was elected to the United States Congress from Louisiana. He was one of the most colorful Blacks who took seats in Congress after the Civil War. His full name was Pinckey Benton Stewart Pinchback.

1872—Blacks actually take political power in Louisiana. C.C. Antoine is elected lieutenant governor; P.G. Deslonde become secretary of state; and W.B. Brown becomes superintendent of public education. Virtually all Black political gains would be taken away as Reconstruction gave way to the Jim Crow period.

RAYFORD LOGAN

RAYFORD LOGAN

1874—The Democratic Party sweeps the off-year elections. At this stage in history the Democrats are largely an anti-Black political party. Their taking control of the House of Representatives helps pave the way for the end of Reconstruction and the beginning of the racist Jim Crow period.

1982—Scholar and educator Rayford Logan dies. He was one of Black America’s most prominent educators and historians, and the author of numerous books. He was also the longtime chairman of Howard University’s history department.

1988—Entertainer Bill Cosby and his wife Camille give Spelman College $20 million—the largest gift by a Black couple to a Black educational institution in U.S. history.

1999—Daisy Bates dies at 84. Her efforts and leadership helped integrate public school education in America. Bates was prominent in aiding the “Little Rock a group of Black students that integrated Central High School in Little Rock, Ark.

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